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Patient Education

Heart Failure:

What is it?
Heart failure is a chronic, progressive condition in which the heart muscle is unable to pump enough blood through to meet the body’s needs for blood and oxygen. The heart can’t keep up with its workload.

Risk Factors:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Ethnicity
  • Family history & genetics
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Alcohol & drug abuse
  • Medications associated with heart failure

Common Symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Build up of excess fluid in body tissues
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of appetite, nausea
  • Confusion
  • Increased heart rate

Treatment:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Medications
  • Surgery

For more detailed information on Heart Failure, click here.


Heart Attack

What is it?
A coronary attack (heart attack) occurs when the blood flow that brings oxygen to the heart muscle is severely reduced or cut off completely.

Risk Factors:

  • Age
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
  • Family history of heart attack
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Illegal drug use

Common Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest discomfort
  • Discomfort in upper body - arms, back, neck, jaw or stomach
  • Cold sweat
  • Nausea
  • Lightheadedness

Treatment:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Medications
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Coronary angiography/stenting
  • Oxygen


Heart Disease:

What is is?
Heart disease is caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries to your heart. Fatty material and other substances form a plaque build-up on the walls of your coronary arteries. As a result, blood flow to the heart can slow down or stop.

Risk Factors:

  • High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Stress
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Family history & Genetics
  • Post-menopausal
  • Ethnicity

Common Symptoms:

  • Chest pain or discomfort (angina)
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • General weakness

Treatment:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Low blood pressure
  • Maintain HcA1c levels
  • Low LDL cholesterol level
  • Medications
  • Angioplasty and stent placement
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Heart surgery
If you are concerned that you may be experiencing a heart attack, call 9-1-1.
Minutes matter!

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes for heart failure patients may include:

  • Stop Smoking
  • Good Nutrition
  • Reduce Blood Cholesterol
  • Lower High Blood Pressure
  • Physical Activity
  • Healthy Weight
  • Diabetes Management
  • Reduce Stress
  • Limit Alcohol
  • Regular Medical Check-ups
  • Take Medications as Prescribed
  • Tracking Daily Fluid Intake
  • Limit Caffeine
  • Adequate Rest
  • Flu and Pneumonia Vaccines